17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (2023)

Soccer games are played in school playgrounds, backyards, and fields worldwide, soccer can be enjoyed in many ways. However, there are countless interpretations of the soccer rules.

In today’s article, we discuss just the 17 rules of soccer. We look at each law individually to make complex rules easy to understand.

17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (1)

Contents show

What Are The Rules Of Soccer?

The rules of soccer, or the Laws of the Game, are a set of official regulations that help keep the game fair for everyone.

While certain interpretations of the rules are specific to individual countries, the fundamental Laws of the Game are consistent throughout soccer.

All games operate under the same general ruleset from the FIFA World Cup to the MLS.The International Football Association Board (IFAB) is the governing body that oversees and determines the official Laws of the Game.

The organization was established in 1886 to create standardized rules to make soccer a more global sport.FIFA, one of the most influential governing bodies in the sport, recognizes IFAB’s role in managing the rules.

However, FIFA is heavily involved in any work by IFAB and has a 50% say in voting rights. If changes to any laws are to be made, a 75% supermajority vote is required.

Therefore, FIFA must demonstrate its support to pass any significant amendments.IFAB takes the role seriously and often adopts a slow, methodical, and usually conservative approach toward any changes.

However, they are responsible for some, if not all, of the most influential rules created in recent decades.A short snippet of IFAB’s philosophy and spirit encapsulates its vision surrounding the game:

“Football must have Laws which keep the game fair – this is a crucial foundation of the ‘beautiful game’ and a vital feature of the ‘spirit’ of the game. The best matches are those where the referee is rarely needed because the players play with respect for each other, the match officials and the Laws.”

IFAB, 2021

17 Rules of Soccer

There are 17 official Laws of the Game. Each law is divided into separate subcategories. The 17 Laws of the Game are as follows:

  • Law 1: The Field of Play
  • Law 2: The Ball
  • Law 3: The Players
  • Law 4: The Players’ Equipment
  • Law 5: The Referee
  • Law 6: The Other Match Officials
  • Law 7: The Duration of the Match
  • Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play
  • Law 9: The Ball In and Out of Play
  • Law 10: Determining The Outcome of a Match
  • Law 11: Offside
  • Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct
  • Law 13: Free Kicks
  • Law 14: The Penalty Kick
  • Law 15: The Throw-In
  • Law 16: The Goal Kick
  • Law 17: The Corner Kick
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Law 1: The Field of Play

This law outlines all relevant aspects regarding the field of play and the surrounding areas. Some of the main factors the law touches on include:

  • The type of legal playing surface (e.g. natural grass, artificial turf, or hybrid fields)
  • The markings that outline the playing field, including the sidelines, halfway line, goal-line, and penalty box
  • The dimensions of the field (minimum length: 100 yds, maximum length: 130 yds, minimum width: 50 yds, maximum width: 100 yds)
  • The dimensions of the field for international games (minimum length: 110 yds, maximum length: 120 yds, minimum width: 70 yds, maximum width: 80 yds)
  • Technical areas where coaching staff operate
  • Goalpost position
  • Goal-line technology systems
  • Commercial advertising
  • VAR areas
17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (2)

Law 2: The Ball

This law determines and regulates:

  • Qualities and measurements of balls for professional games (e.g. material, pressure, and circumference)
  • Process to replace defective balls
  • Additional balls placed around the field for reintroduction when the ball goes out of play

Law 3: The Players

Law 3 outlines the most important rules regarding players, covering topics like:

  • Number of players per team
  • Number of substitutions per team
  • The substitution procedure
  • Replacing the goalkeeper
  • Offenses and punishments for illegally substituting players
  • Substitute sending-off procedure
  • Players re-entering the field of play (e.g. after injury)
  • Role of the team captain

Law 4: The Players’ Equipment

The players must wear specific equipment, are prohibited from wearing others, and follow clear rules regarding specific gear.

Law 4 describes all relevant information regarding players’ equipment. It covers factors such as:

  • Safety (e.g. prohibited items that can cause injuries, such as rings, bracelets, and other types of jewelry)
  • Compulsory equipment. Soccer players are required to wear:
    • Sleeved shirt
    • Shorts
    • Socks
    • Shinguards
    • Footwear
    • Goalkeepers (only) are permitted to wear tracksuit bottoms
  • Team colors
    • Teams must wear different colors from each other and game officials
    • Goalkeepers must wear different colors to the outfield players
  • Other equipment (non-dangerous)
  • Slogans, statements, images, and advertising
  • Punishments for breaking the rules regarding equipment

Law 5: The Referee

Law 5 discusses the role of the referee in soccer, covering factors such as:

  • Referee’s authority
  • Decision making protocols
  • Referee’s powers and duties
  • VAR
  • The referee’s equipment
  • Referee signals
  • Referee responsibilities

It’s important to note that soccer’s laws, while simple, are subjective. This contributes to the free-flowing nature and artistic way the game is played.

Many in-game occurrences are subject to the discretion of the referee. Inevitably, certain on-field decisions are wrong or at least debatable.

However, referees are obligated to perform with the “spirit” of the game in mind, doing their best to make the correct rulings when instances occur.

IFAB is continually working on Law 5 to improve how the game is officiated.

This has led to the introduction and subsequent tweaking of the VAR.This also has allowed referees to change their decisions.

17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (3)

Law 6: The Other Match Officials

Law 6 is essentially an extension of Law 5 as it covers important aspects of all assistants’ roles, including:

  • Assistant referees (linesmen and lineswomen)
  • Fourth officials
  • Additional assistants
  • Reserve assistants
  • Video officials
  • Assistant referee signals
  • Additional assistant signals

Law 7: The Duration of the Match (Game)

Soccer has a unique time-keeping system. Law 7 describes in detail how a game is split and covers factors such as:

  • Periods of play (45-minute halves)
  • Half-time interval (15-minute breaks between halves)
  • Allowance for time lost (additional time added on at the end of halves for substitutions, fouls, other stoppages, etc.)
  • Abandoning a game

Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play

Games don’t just start at the beginning of the half and end when time is up. There are several instances where the game is stopped.

See also Soccer Red Card Rules (Official With Examples)

Depending on the situation, the game is restarted in different ways. Starts and restarts include:

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  • Kick-off (at the beginning of each half, extra time, and extra time half time)
  • Dropped ball (for certain stoppages like an injury)
  • Free kick
  • Goal kick
  • Corner kick
  • Penalty kick
17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (4)

Law 9: The Ball in and Out of Play

This simple but important law describes when a ball is in or out of play.For example, the ball is out of play if:

  • It has fully crossed over the sideline, goal line, or touchline, whether on the ground or in the air
  • The referee blows his/her whistle to stop the game
  • It touches a game official, and the touch has a significant impact on the game

The ball is in play once the game is live and it remains within the confines of the field.

Law 10: Determining the Outcome of a Match (Game)

Law 10 talks about the factors that determine the outcome of a game, such as:

  • Goals scored
  • Penalty shootouts

Law 11: Offside

Offside is one of the most important rules in the game of soccer. It influences formations, positioning, attacking styles, and defensive systems.

Check out our other article for the full breakdown of the offside rule in soccer and its impact on the game.

17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (5)

Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct

The fouls and misconduct section of the Laws of the Game is another key chapter that has a direct impact on the way the game flows, the outcome of the game, and how it’s enjoyed by fans.

We have another article that discusses exactly what constitutes a foul in soccer, as well as the repercussions for committing them.

Some of the most important aspects of Law 12 revolve around contact and the use of the hands and arms.

What Contact Is Allowed In Soccer?

Soccer is a contact sport. However, when compared to other games, like American football or boxing, it is far less physical. It’s important to be able to distinguish what is and isn’t a foul.

Now, let’s answer some questions regarding fouls and contact in soccer.

17 Rules Of Soccer (Official Laws) ○ 2023 (6)

What Is A Foul In Soccer?

A foul is called when a player breaks one of the rules of the game.

It is typically punished with a free kick or penalty being awarded to the opposing team.

Severe fouls can result in yellow (warnings) and red cards (dismissal/ejection) being given to the offending player.

What Is Not Allowed In Soccer?

Direct free kicks are awarded for offenses that are careless, reckless, or carried out with excessive force. Contact that’s not allowed includes:

  • Charging
  • Jumping at an opponent
  • Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
  • Pushing
  • Striking or attempting to strike an opponent
  • Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent
  • Biting or spitting at an opponent, game official, or member of the coaching staff
  • Handball
  • Holding onto an opponent
  • Impeding an opponent with direct contact

Penalties are awarded if any of these fouls occur inside a team’s penalty area.

What Is Charging In Soccer?

Charging is where a player imposes themselves aggressively and physically on an opponent carelessly, recklessly, or using excessive force.

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As mentioned above, charging is a foul. Depending on the level of force, it may be punished with a yellow or red card.

Can You Block In Soccer?

Blocking or obstruction is illegal in soccer.

The foul occurs when one player impedes an opponent’s movement intentionally, making no effort to gain possession of the ball.

Can You Screen Someone In Soccer?

Screening, the basketball move, is not allowed in soccer.

However, shielding an opponent while you’re in possession is allowed as long as you do so without being careless, reckless, or using excessive force.

See also Playing Soccer With a Nose Piercing (Rules + Safety)

Is Holding a Foul in Soccer?

Holding is a foul in soccer.

Although some players get away with it during corners or free kicks, the introduction of VAR has helped clamp down on illegal holding.

Can You Use Your Arms In Soccer?

Unless you are a goalkeeper, you cannot use your arms to touch the ball in soccer.

Check out our other article on the handball rule.

Law 13: Free-Kicks

Law 13 describes:

  • Different types of free kicks
  • The procedure for taking free-kicks
  • Offenses and sanctions

We have an article that explains the difference between direct and indirect freekicks here.

Law 14: The Penalty Kick

A penalty kick is awarded when the defensive team commits a foul in their own penalty box. A penalty is a 1 v 1 shot on goal from 12 yards between the taker and the goalkeeper.

Law 14 discusses the penalty procedure as well as offenses and sanctions.

Law 15: The Throw-In

Throw-ins are awarded when the ball goes out over the sideline.Law 15 goes through the legal technique of a throw-in as well as the potential outcomes.

Did you know you can’t score directly from a throw-in?

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The throw-in technique is trickier than it might seem. However, it can be a real advantage to learn how to get some distance on your throws.

Stoke City’s Rory Delap haunted Premier League teams for years with his amazing technique and distance.

Law 16: The Goal Kick

Goal kicks are awarded when the entire ball passes over the end line (not inside the goal) after touching a player from the attacking team.

  • Did you know a goal can be scored directly from a goal kick?

Law 17: The Corner Kick

Law 17 covers all aspects of the corner kick, including why it’s awarded and what the corner procedure is.

Corner kicks are taken from a small triangular segment next to the corner flag.A corner is awarded when the entire ball passes over the end line (not inside the goal) after touching a player from the defending team.

Common Soccer Rule Questions

What Is The Yellow Card In Soccer?

A yellow card is a caution given to players who commit a serious offense. If a player receives 2 yellow cards, it equates to a red, resulting in the player being ejected from the game.

What Is The Red Card In Soccer?

A red card is given to a player who commits a sending-off offense. They are ejected from the game and cannot be replaced by a substitute.

A player can receive a straight red card for a very severe foul. Or, as mentioned, 2 yellows equals a red.

How Many Rules Are There In FIFA?

FIFA recognizes IFAB’s 17 Laws of the Game for all of its tournaments.

Can You Wear Earrings In Football?

Wearing earrings and other jewelry such as bracelets and rings is prohibited in the interest of safety.In the past, players were allowed to cover earrings with tape. However, this became illegal several years ago.

How Does A Soccer Game Start?

Each half of a soccer game starts with a kick-off.The team that takes the opening kick-off is decided by a coin toss between the referee and the opposing captains.

Are Elbows Allowed In Soccer?

Intentional elbows to initiate contact with an opposition player are not allowed. An elbow is often punished with a red card. Accidental elbows are also illegal.

However, punishment may not be severe, with a free kick or yellow card being given to the offending player.

Does Soccer Have Interference?

Unlike American football, soccer doesn’t have an interference rule.

Can You Protect Your Face In Soccer?

Protecting your face with your hands is illegal. It is regarded as a handball. Heading is an important skill in soccer and unfortunately, players often have to put their heads where most wouldn’t put their feet.

For more common questions that players, fans, coaches, and parents have about the laws of soccer – we have compiled a list of 48 soccer rules listed from A-Z.

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What is soccer rules 17? ›

LAW 17- Corner Kick

The kicker is allowed to score a goal by kicking the ball directly into the goal. The opponents must be 10 yards back from the ball on a corner kick. The kicker is not allowed to play the ball again until a player from either team touches the ball.

What are the official rules of soccer? ›

In soccer, players can move the ball in any direction, but they can only use their feet, head, or chest to control and advance the ball. Players are not allowed to use their hands except for the goalkeeper. Players can run with the ball or pass to teammates to quickly move the ball around the field.

How many laws are in soccer? ›

And fortunately, the rules of soccer are quite simple! There are 17 fundamental “Laws of the Game” which I'll discuss below. By the time you finish this blog post, you'll understand what a red card is, why a player was flagged offside, why a team was awarded a penalty kick, and much more.

What is Rule 17 1 2 in NFHS soccer? ›

2022 NFHS Rules Changes Press Release: Regarding corner kicks, Rule 17-1-2 clarifies that the defending team shall be 10 yards from the corner arc until the ball is kicked and the corner kick shall be kicked from the ground within the corner arc.

Who is the best number 17 in soccer? ›

17: Kevin De Bruyne (Manchester City)

What is Law 7 in soccer? ›

Law 7 provides for a halftime interval between the two halves. This is a mandatory rest and water break for the players. The halftime break for a full match may be no longer than 15 minutes. Local rules may permit shorter halftime periods. Shorter halftimes are usually associated with youth games using shorter halves.

What are 10 soccer rules? ›

Here's the short and simple soccer rules you need to know as a...
  • No Hands, please. I bet you knew that one. ...
  • Throw-ins. A throw-in is taken when the ball crosses a sideline and leaves the field. ...
  • Corner Kicks & Goal Kicks.
  • Fouls. ...
  • Direct and Indirect Free Kicks. ...
  • Penalty Kick. ...
  • Two-touch Rule.

What are the 5 most important rules in soccer? ›

You'll want your child to do his or her best to follow these six fundamental guidelines.
  • No hands. Unless you're the goalie or are attempting a throw-in, you're not allowed to use your hands in play. ...
  • Throw-ins. ...
  • Goal and corner kicks. ...
  • Direct and indirect kicks. ...
  • Game in play. ...
  • Fouls.
Aug 17, 2022

What is Rule 11 in soccer? ›

A player is in an offside position if: any part of the head, body or feet is in the opponents' half (excluding the halfway line) and. any part of the head, body or feet is nearer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent.

What is law 3 in soccer? ›

1 Number of players. A match is played by two teams, each with a maximum of eleven players; one must be the goalkeeper. A match may not start or continue if either team has fewer than seven players.

What is Law 5 in soccer? ›

The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play, including whether or not a goal is scored and the result of the match, are final. The decisions of the referee, and all other match officials, must always be respected.

What is law 8 in soccer? ›

Law 8 The Start and Restart of Play. A kick-off starts both halves of a match, both halves of extra time and restarts play after a goal has been scored. Free kicks (direct or indirect), penalty kicks, throw-ins, goal kicks and corner kicks are other restarts (see Laws 13 – 17).

What is Law 16 in soccer? ›

Law 16 requires all opponents to be outside the penalty area until the goal kick is taken and if an opponent remains inside or enters the penalty area before the kick is taken and plays, challenges or touches the ball, the goal kick is retaken.

What does U 18 mean in soccer? ›

(sports) pertaining to a grouping of people who are under 18 years of age.

What is the 15th law of soccer? ›

Law 15 The Throw In. A throw-in is awarded to the opponents of the player who last touched the ball when the whole of the ball passes over the touchline, on the ground or in the air. A goal cannot be scored directly from a throw-in: if the ball enters the opponents' goal – a goal kick is awarded.

Who wears 23 in soccer? ›

#23 was famously chosen by David Beckham when he went to Real Madrid to “honor Michael Jordan.” In reality, #7 at Real was taken by Mr. Madrid himself, Raul. So Beckham had to pick something else and 23 was available. Because of Beckham and Jordan, this is now a very popular number.

Who wear 28 in soccer? ›

Cristiano Ronaldo originally didn't want it weighing heavily on his back, favouring his Sporting shirt, No. 28 when he came to Manchester United. But it's his now and has been since. There were plenty of famous No.

Who wears 27 in soccer? ›

Origi wore 27 on his back for the entirety of his Liverpool career. He made 176 appearances for the Reds between 2015 and 2022, scoring 41 goals.

What are the 4 fouls in soccer? ›

Types of Fouls

Kicking an opponent. Tripping. Jumping into an opponent (like when you are going for a header) Charging into an opponent.

What is the 2 touch rule in soccer? ›

Two-touch Rule

A player cannot touch the ball twice in a row when putting the ball in play. You will see this called many times in youth soccer. It applies everywhere. You will see it frequently on kick-offs or direct and indirect kicks.

What is 7 goals in soccer called? ›

For reference: 2 = brace, 3 = hat-trick, 4 = haul, 5 = glut, 6 = double hat-trick, 7 = haul-trick.

What is a true 9 in soccer? ›

9 – Striker / Center Forward – Strikers have one aim: to convert passing plays into a goal. That means they'll need to be good with their heads and their feet and quick enough to turn the defenders inside out.

What is the false 9 rule in soccer? ›

Effectively, a false 9 is a centre-forward who is stationed high up the pitch but has the freedom to roam around and drop back into deeper positions to receive the ball and link up play. These players tend to operate primarily in central areas, somewhere between centre-forward and central attacking midfield.

What is the golden rule in soccer? ›

The system was simple – score the first goal in extra-time and win the game. FIFA began trialling the system in youth matches as early as 1993, before it was brought into senior international clashes at the Olympics and Confederations Cup.

What are the 8 basic soccer skills? ›

8 fundamental skills you need to develop to become a better football player
  • Passing and receiving.
  • Shooting.
  • Decision making.
  • Dribbling.
  • Heading.
  • Touch and ball control.
  • Skills and tricks.
  • Running off the ball.
Jan 19, 2022

What is the 6 role in soccer? ›

6 – Defensive Midfielder

Offensively, defensive midfielders are also solid passers. While it's unlikely a defensive midfielder will score a goal, they play a huge role in advancing the ball into the defense's territory.

What are the 4 most important positions in soccer? ›

There are 11 positions per team in a soccer game, occupying 4 main areas: Goalkeeper, Defence, Midfield and Attack.

What is the 2 defender rule? ›

An attacking player is offside if there are less than two defenders between him/her and the goal at the time the ball is played in. They must be involved in the play. If a player is in an offside position, but not involved in the play, it is not an offside.

Can u 11 head the ball? ›

Players age 11 and age 12 shall be permitted to head the ball in any match or competition. These players may practice heading the ball in an organized team practice or skill session, but coaches shall monitor this practice so that no single player heads the ball more than 25 times per week, regardless of setting.

What is law 13 of football? ›

If a player, while correctly taking a free kick, deliberately kicks the ball at an opponent in order to play the ball again but not in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force, the referee allows play to continue.

How long is a u17 soccer game? ›

Age GroupGame LengthSize
Under-17Two 45′ halves#5
Under-16Two 40′ halves#5
Under-15Two 40′ halves#5
Under-14Two 35′ halves#5
8 more rows
Jan 9, 2023

What is an 18 in soccer? ›

The penalty area is a large rectangular area on each end of the pitch measuring 18 yards long and 36 yards wide. Due to its measurements, the penalty area is also called “the 18.” If a player is taken down inside the penalty area by a defender, that attacking player and their team will earn a penalty kick.

What does U 15 mean in soccer? ›

2022-23 SEASON
U-14Born between January 1, 2009 – December 31, 2009
U-15Born between January 1, 2008 – December 31, 2008
U-16Born between January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2007
U-17Born between January 1, 2006 – December 31, 2006
11 more rows

Can an 18 year old play u17? ›

Upper age limit: all players must be a maximum of 17 years old by the end of the calendar year in which the competition is played (i.e. all players of the teams were born on or after 1 January 2000).

Is there offsides in u10 soccer? ›

Offsides will be called in U-10 soccer. A player is in an offside position when they are nearer to the opponents goal line than the ball, unless (a) they are in their own half of the field, or (b) they are not nearer to the opponents goal line than at least 2 of the opponent players, where one can be the goalkeeper.

What is the shortest soccer game? ›

"One team in Tallinn" refers to a football match scheduled for 9 October 1996 in World Cup qualifying European Group 4 between the national teams of Estonia and Scotland. The match was abandoned after three seconds because the Estonian team were absent from the Kadrioru Stadium due to a dispute over its floodlights.

What is a 443 in soccer? ›

Getty Images. What is a 4-3-3? The 4-3-3 is a formation that uses four defenders – made up of two centre-backs and two full-backs – behind a midfield line of three. The most common set-up in midfield is one deeper player – the single pivot – and two slightly more advanced to either side.

What is an F in soccer? ›

Forwards (F) – The forwards are the main attacking force of soccer, in front of the midfielders and closest to the opponent's goal. They are expected to create opportunities, by their runs and passes, to shoot and score.

What are 4 goals called in soccer? ›

A 'brace' and a 'hat-trick' are the most commonly used phrases to describe a player scoring multiple goals. However, less-used and less official terms also exist the more goals a player nets. Four goals scored by a single player in a match can be described as a 'haul', while five goals is unofficially a 'glut'.

Can my 2 year old play soccer? ›

However, for developing their interest in the game, there is much you can do. For age 1-3, we recommend introducing your kid to soccer at home. Show them some basic skills, but keep it unstructured, just pass the ball between the two of you.

What does .25 mean in soccer? ›

It's really just soccer's name for spread betting, which is a bet on the margin of victory. The key difference is that it introduces fractions of goals like . 25 and . 75 to the spread. When you bet a team at a number like +1.25, you're actually splitting your bet between two spreads — +1 and +1.5 in this case.

What is my soccer age? ›

To calculate your player's soccer age, you subtract your child's birth year, from the end of the seasonal year. For Example: In the 2022-2023 seasonal year, If your child is born in 2010 and the seasonal year ends in 2023, the calculation is 2023 - 2010 = 13.

What is GG in soccer? ›

X or GG = Either the match finishes a draw or both teams score in the match. 2 or GG = Either away team win or both teams score in the match. 1 or NG = Either home team win or one or neither teams score in the match.

What is a #5 in soccer? ›

5– Center Back (or Sweeper, if used) 6– Defending/Holding Midfielder. 7– Right Midfielder/Winger. 8– Central/Box-to-Box Midfielder.

What does FD stand for in soccer? ›

Offense - Penalties
Offense - Penalties
# - Player Number Name - Player Name OF - OffsidesFC - Fouls Comitted FD - Fouls Taken IFK - Indirect Free Kicks


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