Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (2022)

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LCD screen repair, bad LCD panel analysis, and solution

Working principle diagram of the LCD module

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (1)

Definition

Vin: PWB input voltage (12V)
VDD: ASIC, source IC, gate IC driving power (3.3v)
VGH: TFT component switching voltage (~30V)
VGL: TFT component turn-off voltage (~ -6v)
VAA: step control voltage (~17V)
VCOM: liquid crystal reversal reference voltage (~7V)

No picture after Vin, VDD and VAA malfunction

Abnormal screen or slow screen switching after VGH and VGL failure

After the failure of Vcom, the picture will be weak or flickering

LCD fault(Liquid crystal fault)

1. Picture color loss

Phenomenon: the picture is lack of color, or there are R/G/B color stripes under the step picture

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (2)

Possible Causes Repair proposal

Note

Bad LVDS conn. Replace LVDS connector
Missing/burned RX resistor Replace RX resistor

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (3)

Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether LVDS matching resistance is intact in appearance.

2. #Confirm whether the LVDS connector is OK or not. If the picture changed after pressing LVDS cable lightly, then something wrong with LVDS conn.

3. #If all the above is OK, measure the LVDS voltage value. Under normal conditions, the LVDS signal’s RX+/ RX-voltage value is about 1.2v, and RX+/ RX-difference value is about 200mV. At the same time, the resistance of the LVDS signal to ground and the resistance between the LVDS signal pairs can be measured (100 ohms). If there is an exception to these values, try replacing the ASIC.

2. Striped screen

Phenomenon: full-screen vertical stripes (not gradient stripes) appear on the LCD display. In most cases, the display cannot be switched.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (4)

Possible Causes How to Repair

Note

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

No EIO signal

COF

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

COF VAA short to GND

COF damaged(S/G)

Check COF appearance first

COF comes loose

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

VAA short to GND
Other components NG

Components associated with VAA have less chance of NG


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether the COF on side X is hot compared with the normal temperature, whether there is fracture or wear crack, and whether the COF is burnt.

2. #Confirm whether the VAA is normal (normally about 17V). If abnormal, disconnect the RP32 to confirm whether it is caused by DC/DC loop or X-side COF: disconnect RP32, if the VAA is normal, the COF is bad, CO must be changed; COF can be Disconnect one by one to determine which NG disconnects RP32, VAA NG, try to change UP1; at the same time, confirm whether the continuity of the surrounding triode is OK.

3. #Confirm whether EIO is OK (normal is 0.03v) and try to change ASIC if there is any abnormality.

4. #Determine whether the gate IC is OK. There is a signal test point on the back of COG-IC, and the green paint can be scraped for measurement confirmation; If there is a gate IC problem, which IC fault can be confirmed. The confirmation of gate IC fault is only for analysis when you are interested, and this method is not recommended.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (5)

3. Bad tone picture

Phenomenon: gradient fault occurs in the tone gradient screen or some gradient NG happens

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (6)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note

Gamma-IC NG

Replace Gamma-IC

PWB line scratch

(gamma line)

Insulation tape on the scratch If the line is broken, the PWB must be replaced.(LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

COF-IC NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

Gamma-IC NG


Analysis and solution:

1. #Measure GM1~GM14, the values are arranged from large to small. In general, a certain gamma value will be abnormal in the case of NG, then try to replace gamma-IC;

2. #See if there is any damage to the gamma line on the back of the PWB;

3. #If all of the above are OK, you should try to change the COF. You can disconnect the COF one by one to determine which IC is NG.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (7)

4. Half of the picture is abnormal

Phenomenon: The left and right screens are different

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Skew conductive foam shorts RSDS Reattach or remove the conductive foam

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

RSDS abnormal

RSDS matching resistance NG Replace RSDS resistor
S-COF-IC poor bonding on the PWB side COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

S-COF-IC NG

COF driver RSDS NG


Analysis and solution:

Because the RSDS transmission basically adopts the double-channel mode, the analysis only needs to be carried out on the RSDS loop.

1. #Confirm whether the conductive foam is short-circuited RSDS

2. #Confirm whether X-COF has poor bonding

3. #Confirm whether the RSDS value is correct, normal RSDS is about 1.2v, and the signal difference is about 200mV; At the same time, we can confirm the resistance between RSDS signal (normal 100 or 50 ohms) and RSDS resistance to ground. If the voltage is NG, check if the ASIC and X-COF are hot.

Note: Confirm S1 RSDS if the left half screen is abnormal; confirm S8 RSDS if the right half screen is abnormal.

4. #In general, ASIC is mostly invalid, please try to replace it first;

5. #If it is still NG, remove the COF from the middle or last COF, and the RSDS voltage returns to normal.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (8)

5. The panel color is whitish

Phenomenon: The screen can be switched normally, but the full-screen color is whitened/inaccurate.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (9)

(Video) Projector Screen Display Line Problem Repair At Projector In Service
Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Vcom value deviates Vcom value is not adjusted Reset VR knob
VR knob is broken Replace VR knob

VGH/VGL NG

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

Gate-IC NG

Gate-IC replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

Polarizer / CELL damaged

To change the polarizer, a polarizer attaching machine is required

The degree of whitening of the picture changes with different viewing angles

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (10)


Analysis and solution:

1. #Adjust the VR knob to see whether it can be adjusted and whether the screen performance changes. At the same time, confirm the VCOM value (about 7v), if NG, replace the VR knob.

2. #Confirm VGH/VGL voltage (about 30V VGH and -6v VGL), and confirm whether it is DC/DC loop NG or COF IC NG; The corresponding resistance of disconnected VGH and VGL can determine whether it is a DC/DC problem or a COF-IC problem. If it is DC/DC NG, try to replace UP1 or confirm whether the corresponding transistor is OK.

3. #If the whiteness changes significantly with the view Angle, and above 1&2 analysis is all OK, polarizer NG or CELL NG can be basically determined.

6. Slow screen switching

Phenomenon: the color of the LCD screen is dark. The picture can be switched, but the screen conversion is slow.
Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (11)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
WOA line is broken

Replace PCB

PCB scrapped

Gate-IC NG

Replace Gate-IC

X1 Poor Looseness

Replace X1


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether X1 is OK.

2. #Confirm whether WOA is disconnected when the CELL source goes to the gate side.

3. #Confirm whether the gate IC is OK. There is a signal test point on the back of COG IC, which can scrape the green paint for measurement confirmation; Or cut COF halfway from G3. If there is a gate-ic problem, which IC fault can be confirmed.

The confirmation of gate IC fault is only for analysis when interested, this method is not recommended.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (12)

7. No display

Phenomenon: backlight is bright when the LCD panel is black

Possible Causes How to Repair Note

LVDS connector NG

Wrong pin

Replace conn.

Poor connection

F1 fuse open

Replace FP1

Conductive foam short circuit element Reattach or remove the conductive foam Suitable for LCD module models with conductive foam
FFC Goldfinger short circuit

Replace FFC

Suitable for LCD models with L/R boards

ASIC NG

3.3V short to ground

Replace ASIC

No control signal

DC/DC NG

(无VAA)

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

X-COF NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
QP1 burned Replace QP1

G-COF NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
Other components NG Replace other components

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (13)


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether the conductive foam is skewed and short-circuit VAA capacitor ( LCD model with conductive foam)

2. #Confirm whether there is 12V input, if not, confirm whether the connector is OK, and confirm the resistance value of 12V voltage to earth; If conn. NG, change conn.; If 12V is short-circuited to the ground, disconnect FP1 to determine the short-circuiting circuit.

3. #Confirm whether FP1 is open; if open, replaces fuse. If the 12V accessory of this model has a reverse diode, confirm the continuity of the diode and check whether it is burnt.

4. #Confirm whether VAA is OK. For model with L/R board, remove FFC and confirm whether the screen can be switched or whether VAA is normal.

If VAA becomes normal:

A. Confirm whether the FFC has a pin short circuit and whether the FFC connector has a pin short circuit.

B. Confirm VAA resistance to ground at VAA test point of R plate (A short circuit usually occurs), disconnect the corresponding capacitance of the following 3 COF, and confirm VAA resistance to the ground again. If OK, replace the capacitor, if NG, replace COF. If VAA is still NG, confirm DC/DC loop as all models.

5. #Confirm whether the conductivity of the diode and triode in the DC/DC loop is OK, and change the corresponding components if NG.

6. #Disconnect RP32 to confirm VAA, if NG, try to change the PWM IC (in general, it will be good), if still NG, try to change the gamma-ic or corresponding to the VAA several large capacitances (in general, it is rare, this situation is generally accompanied by VAA to the ground short circuit).

7. #Disconnect RP32. If VAA is normal, measure the resistance to the ground at the other end of RP32. If still NG, you can change COF only.

8. #If VAA is normal at the beginning, there may be some problems with the control model (EIO can be measured). Try to change ASIC.

8. Display with vertical strips and lines

Phenomenon: vertical strips and lines appears in full screen

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (14)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
COF poor bonding (PWB side) COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
Poor COF


Analysis and solution:

1. #Press COF and see if the display changes to determine if COF is OK.

2. #Confirm whether COF is hot or damaged. If COF needs to be replaced, LCD bonding&pressing equipment is required.

3. #Shaking module, if vertical lines disappear or reappear, then it can be judged that the possible cause is COF pin broken, and the crease should be found under the OM microscope.

4. #Press the LCD glass side of the panel, if the vertical lines disappear or reappear, it can be judged that the cause of poor contact, OM checking should be able to find the poor contact.

5. #If there is no display change in pressing, confirm whether ITO is damaged under the OM microscope, or pin signal waveform corresponding to needle COF.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (15)

Backlight failure

1. The screen does not light up

Phenomenon: the backlight is not lit, or it flashes off

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Lamp line is broken Replace the lamp tubing Depending on the backlight structure, there will be different results. The failure of the performance may be a point-off, or it may be a backlight with a dark band.
Broken high and low voltage plugs

Replace plugs

Lamp holder Replace lamp/lamp holder
Poor engagement of lamp holder Replace lamp/lamp holder
Lamp is broken Replace the lamp
Lamp welding failure Resolder


Analysis and solution:

1. #Change the power board and inverter to determine if something wrong with the LCD panel itself.

2. #Check whether the light pipe and plug are OK, especially if the plug is burnt or yellow.

3. #Remove the backlight and confirm the status of the lamp holder and tube.

4. #The above disassembly judgment can basically solve the problems of point-off in the market. If you can’t tell the truth, you can directly change the lamp tube.

2. The dark band of the backlight

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (16)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Lamp line is broken Reconnect / replace lamp tubing Depending on the protection status of the power board, it may be a backlight with a dark band or it may be a point-off.
Plug disconnected / burned Replace plugs
Lamp is broken Replace the lamp
Lamp welding failure Replace the lamp

3. Bad backlight / dark area

Phenomenon: The backlight is not lit or flashes off; or after the backlight is lit, the display appears dark along the edge of the front shell.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (17)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
The light bar is short-circuited to ground Insulate or change the light bar
Lightbar plug pin off Change the light bar
The light bar cable plug is not fully inserted into the conn. Reinsert the light bar
Lightbar conn. Pin is skewed Change conn. Or re-insert the pin
Light strip conn. Off Reweld Conn. If the PCB copper foil comes off, the light bar needs to be replaced
Bad light bar Replace the light bar

Analysis and solution:

1. #Change the power board first to determine whether the LCD panel itself is defective.

2. #look at the appearance of the light bar to determine whether there is a problem with the light bar.

3. #Disassemble the backlight, confirm whether there is a short circuit with broken skin on the lamp strip, whether the plug of the lamp strip is fully integrated with the socket, whether the pin is aslant/off, whether the connector is off, and whether the LED bead is black and injured.

(Video) 2.4 inch TFT LCD Display Screen Module

4. #The fault of the product is basically caused by the above reasons. If the appearance is fault-free, the lamp bar can be crossed to confirm whether the phenomenon follows the lamp bar, or the voltage of the lamp bar and the conduction condition between the lamp beads can be measured.

The above is the full text of LCD screen failure repair guide, we hope it is helpful to you. If you need to buy LCD and find a reliable LCD supplier, we suggest you to read our other great blog – How to find a reliable LCD supplier.

If you have questions about LCD repair, please leave us a message in the comments section and we will respond as soon as possible.

Founded in 2014, VISLCD is a professional LCD supplier. We provide LCD modules, touch LCD and customized LCD in various sizes with stable quality and competitive price. Welcome to contact us for any LCD demand, thank you.

VISLCD2022-09-02T10:41:12+08:00February 27, 2020|Technology|9 Comments

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Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (22)

Jacobin

2 months ago

Magnifique ce article

Reply

Author

VISLCD

2 months ago

Reply to Jacobin

Thanks!

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (24)

4 months ago

Thanks vеry interesting blog!

Reply

Author

VISLCD

1 month ago

(Video) Canon T4i(650D) Live view options and Focusing Tips

Reply to Rhett

1. Check whether the power supply has DC voltage output.
2. Check whether there is a DC voltage output corresponding to the LCD glass at the screen line end of the LCD driver board
3. check whether the logic board or screen integrated board fuse has voltage.
4. check whether the screen 5 voltage is normal.

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (27)

Oyvind

2 years ago

Can you repair electronic fault on LCD PCB for LG model LP156WF3-(SL)(B3) ?

Reply

Author

VISLCD

1 month ago

Reply to Oyvind

yes

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (29)

edurado delrey

2 years ago

this article is a big help to understand how lcd panel works and fails,thank you.

Reply

Author

VISLCD

2 years ago

Reply to edurado delrey

You are welcome. We are glad it can help you:-)

Reply

FAQs

Can damaged LCD screen be repaired? ›

In a word – no.

What causes LCD failure? ›

In addition to humidity and temperature exposure, cyclic loadings and handling conditions (bending, repetitive shock, and drop loading) have been shown to cause failures in LCDs.

What causes an LCD screen to stop working? ›

Simply check your signal input sources which are the most causes. It can also be caused by the display totally damaged by ESD or excess heat, shock which make the LCD controller broken or the connection failure which has to be repaired by professionals.

Can LCD be fixed without replacing? ›

People typically decide to buy a new device when this happens. Fortunately, with an LCD repair, you can fix the device without needing to replace it.

How much does it cost to fix a damaged LCD? ›

Costs typically range from $60 to $350 for LCD, LED, plasma, and 4K TVs. Common problems include screen and bulb replacement, backlight repair, HDMI port repair, or control board replacement.

What will happen when LCD damage? ›

Becuase the LCD and Digitizer are fused together, damaging the LCD will cause the touch function no to work. There have been instances where touch function will still work even with a broken LCD. LCD damage will usually show colored spots around the screen and or lines.

How do I know if my LCD is faulty? ›

These are the telltale signs of a broken LCD screen:
  1. A black screen.
  2. Black spots or blurred areas on your screen.
  3. New out-of-place lines or scratches on your screen.
  4. Lack of touch sensitivity.
21 Jan 2020

How do I know if my LCD is damaged? ›

If you drop your phone and the screen is cracked or shattered, but the display is still lit up, you have probably only damaged the front screen. However, if you see lines, black spots or discolored areas, or the screen won't light up, your LCD screen is most likely damaged and will need to be repaired.

How much does an LCD screen cost? ›

TV screen replacement costs at least $400 to $1,000 and often much more. The screen is the most expensive part of a TV. So usually, the cost of replacing it is higher than just buying a new unit.

Is LCD and screen the same? ›

An LCD is the part of a phone that displays the image we see on screen.

Will damaged LCD spread? ›

Yes, it can spread, even with the phone turned off. The 'L' in Lcd stands for liquid, and it does not care if the phone is on or not. How do I stop my LCD from spreading? How do you fix stuck pixels on a LCD television?

How much does it cost to replace an LCD screen on a phone? ›

The cost of phone screen repair ranges from $50 to $600, with an average price of $200. Repairing your phone screen directly through the manufacturer, like Apple or Samsung, may cost more than a third party.

Is it worth fixing a flat screen? ›

It is worth it to repair your TV if the cost of the repair is significantly cheaper than the cost of buying a new TV. The most expensive repair for a flat-screen TV is usually a cracked screen — this repair tends to cost more than a replacement TV for all but the largest screen sizes.

How much is it to fix an Android screen? ›

Such services can range anywhere from $70 to $300 or more, but will typically not void your warranty or will provide insurance or warranties of their own.

How long do LCD screens last? ›

LCDs have a lifespan of about 50,000 hours, or 5 years — half the lifespan of LED.

How long does it take to replace LCD screen? ›

Approximately two hours. The entire mobile screen only needs to be replaced if the damage on the touch screen has affected the inner mobile screen.

Does broken LCD affect battery? ›

If the replacement display is Original and same part no. as the actual one then it will not affect battery life, in case of android phones.

How do you test for LCD? ›

Press and hold the D key and turn on the computer to enter LCD built-in self-test (BIST) mode. Continue to hold the D key, until you see color bars on the LCD screen. The screen displays multiple color bars and changes colors to black, white, red, green, and blue.

How do you identify an LCD screen? ›

On the back side of the screen you can see one or several labels with numbers. 99% of the screens on the market today have manufacturer's code and screen size included in the model number.

What can cause screen damage? ›

Internal cracks typically occur due to excessive force on the screen. This can be the result of some object hitting the screen, a drop, attempting to close the lid while an object is on the keypad area, or even holding the laptop by its screen.

What does a damaged screen look like? ›

When a screen is broken or damaged, you might see lines, patterns, or black spots on the display, which can increase in size over time. If the damage is significant, the screen might be completely black.

Can LCD damage get worse? ›

Cracks spread

After cracking your phone screen, you're probably wondering, "Will a cracked screen get worse?" Unfortunately, we have bad news for you: Yes, it will worsen.

What does a damaged LCD screen look like? ›

These are the telltale signs of a broken LCD screen: A black screen. Black spots or blurred areas on your screen. New out-of-place lines or scratches on your screen.

What happens when LCD screen cracked? ›

Becuase the LCD and Digitizer are fused together, damaging the LCD will cause the touch function no to work. There have been instances where touch function will still work even with a broken LCD. LCD damage will usually show colored spots around the screen and or lines.

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